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+Patrick Beard's Notes for building GC v4.12 with CodeWarrior Pro 2:
+The current build environment for the collector is CodeWarrior Pro 2.
+Projects for CodeWarrior Pro 2 (and for quite a few older versions)
+are distributed in the file Mac_projects.sit.hqx. The project file
+:Mac_projects:gc.prj builds static library versions of the collector.
+:Mac_projects:gctest.prj builds the GC test suite.
+Configuring the collector is still done by editing the files
+:Mac_files:MacOS_config.h and :Mac_files:MacOS_Test_config.h.
+Lars Farm's suggestions on building the collector:
+Garbage Collection on MacOS - a manual 'MakeFile'
+Project files and IDE's are great on the Macintosh, but they do have
+problems when used as distribution media. This note tries to provide
+porting instructions in pure TEXT form to avoid those problems. A manual
+'makefile' if you like.
+ GC version: 4.12a2
+ Codewarrior: CWPro1
+ date: 18 July 1997
+The notes may or may not apply to earlier or later versions of the
+GC/CWPro. Actually, they do apply to earlier versions of both except that
+until recently a project could only build one target so each target was a
+separate project. The notes will most likely apply to future versions too.
+Possibly with minor tweaks.
+This is just to record my experiences. These notes do not mean I now
+provide a supported port of the GC to MacOS. It works for me. If it works
+for you, great. If it doesn't, sorry, try again...;-) Still, if you find
+errors, please let me know.
+ mailto:
+ address: Lars Farm
+ Kr<f6>nv<e4>gen 33b
+ 856 44 Sundsvall
+ Sweden
+Porting to MacOS is a bit more complex than it first seems. Which MacOS?
+68K/PowerPC? Which compiler? Each supports both 68K and PowerPC and offer a
+large number of (unique to each environment) compiler settings. Each
+combination of compiler/68K/PPC/settings require a unique combination of
+standard libraries. And the IDE's does not select them for you. They don't
+even check that the library is built with compatible setting and this is
+the major source of problems when porting the GC (and otherwise too).
+You will have to make choices when you configure the GC. I've made some
+choices here, but there are other combinations of settings and #defines
+that work too.
+As for target settings the major obstacles may be:
+- 68K Processor: check "4-byte Ints".
+- PPC Processor: uncheck "Store Static Data in TOC".
+What you need to do:
+1) Build the GC as a library
+2) Test that the library works with 'test.c'.
+3) Test that the C++ interface '' works with ''.
+1) The Libraries:
+I made one project with four targets (68K/PPC tempmem or appheap). One target
+will suffice if you're able to decide which one you want. I wasn't...
+Codewarrior allows a large number of compiler/linker settings. I used these:
+Settings shared by all targets:
+o Access Paths:
+ - User Paths: the GC folder
+ - System Paths: {Compiler}:Metrowerks Standard Library:
+ {Compiler}:MacOS Support:Headers:
+ {Compiler}:MacOS Support:MacHeaders:
+o C/C++ language:
+ - inlining: normal
+ - direct to SOM: off
+ - enable/check: exceptions, RTTI, bool (and if you like pool strings)
+PowerPC target settings
+o Target Settings:
+ - name of target
+ - MacOS PPC Linker
+o PPC Target
+ - name of library
+o C/C++ language
+ - prefix file as described below
+o PPC Processor
+ - Struct Alignment: PowerPC
+ - uncheck "Store Static Data in TOC" -- important!
+ I don't think the others matter, I use full optimization and its ok
+o PPC Linker
+ - Factory Settings (SYM file with full paths, faster linking, dead-strip
+ static init, Main: __start)
+68K target settings
+o Target Settings:
+ - name of target
+ - MacOS 68K Linker
+o 68K Target
+ - name of library
+ - A5 relative data
+o C/C++ language
+ - prefix file as described below
+o 68K Processor
+ - Code model: smart
+ - Struct alignment: 68K
+ - FP: SANE
+ - enable 4-Byte Ints -- important!
+ I don't think the others matter. I selected...
+ - enable: 68020
+ - enable: global register allocation
+o IR Optimizer
+ - enable: Optimize Space, Optimize Speed
+ I suppose the others would work too, but haven't tried...
+o 68K Linker
+ - Factory Settings (New Style MacsBug,SYM file with full paths,
+ A6 Frames, fast link, Merge compiler glue into segment 1,
+ dead-strip static init)
+Prefix Files to configure the GC sources
+The Codewarrior equivalent of commandline compilers -DNAME=X is to use
+prefix-files. A TEXT file that is automatically #included before the first byte
+of every source file. I used these:
+---- ( cut here ) ---- gc_prefix_tempmem.h -- 68K and PPC -----
+ #include "gc_prefix_common.h"
+---- ( cut here ) ---- gc_prefix_appmem.h -- 68K and PPC -----
+ #include "gc_prefix_common.h"
+---- ( cut here ) ---- gc_prefix_common.h --------------------
+// gc_prefix_common.h
+// ------------------
+// Codewarrior prefix file to configure the GC libraries
+// prefix files are the Codewarrior equivalent of the
+// command line option -Dname=x frequently seen in makefiles
+#if !__MWERKS__
+ #error only tried this with Codewarrior
+#if macintosh
+ #include <ansi_prefix.mac.h>
+ #ifndef __STDC__
+ #define __STDC__ 0
+ #endif
+ // See list of #defines to configure the library in: 'MakeFile'
+ // see also README
+ #define SILENT // no collection messages. In case
+ // of trouble you might want this off
+ #define ALL_INTERIOR_POINTERS // follows interior pointers.
+//#define DONT_ADD_BYTE_AT_END // disables the padding if defined.
+//#define SMALL_CONFIG // whether to use a smaller heap.
+ #define NO_SIGNALS // signals aren't real on the Macintosh.
+ #define ATOMIC_UNCOLLECTABLE // GC_malloc_atomic_uncollectable()
+ // define either or none as per personal preference
+ // used in malloc.c
+ #define REDIRECT_MALLOC GC_malloc
+//#define REDIRECT_MALLOC GC_malloc_uncollectable
+ // if REDIRECT_MALLOC is #defined make sure that the GC library
+ // is listed before the ANSI/ISO libs in the Codewarrior
+ // 'Link order' panel
+//#define IGNORE_FREE
+ // mac specific configs
+//#define USE_TEMPORARY_MEMORY // use Macintosh temporary memory.
+//#define SHARED_LIBRARY_BUILD // build for use in a shared library.
+ // could build Win32 here too, or in the future
+ // Rhapsody PPC-mach, Rhapsody PPC-MacOS,
+ // Rhapsody Intel-mach, Rhapsody Intel-Win32,...
+ // ... ugh this will get messy ...
+// make sure ints are at least 32-bit
+// ( could be set to 16-bit by compiler settings (68K) )
+struct gc_private_assert_intsize_{ char x[ sizeof(int)>=4 ? 1 : 0 ]; };
+#if __powerc
+ #if __option(toc_data)
+ #error turn off "store static data in TOC" when using GC
+ // ... or find a way to add TOC to the root set...(?)
+ #endif
+---- ( cut here ) ---- end of gc_prefix_common.h -----------------
+Files to build the GC libraries:
+ allchblk.c
+ alloc.c
+ blacklst.c
+ checksums.c
+ dbg_mlc.c
+ finalize.c
+ headers.c
+ mach_dep.c
+ MacOS.c -- contains MacOS code
+ malloc.c
+ mallocx.c
+ mark.c
+ mark_rts.c
+ misc.c
+ new_hblk.c
+ obj_map.c
+ os_dep.c -- contains MacOS code
+ ptr_chck.c
+ reclaim.c
+ stubborn.c
+ typd_mlc.c
+ -- this is '' with less 'inline' and
+ -- throw std::bad_alloc when out of memory
+ -- works just fine too
+2) Test that the library works with 'test.c'.
+The test app is just an ordinary ANSI-C console app. Make sure settings
+match the library you're testing.
+ test.c
+ the GC library to test -- link order before ANSI libs
+ suitable Mac+ANSI libraries
+---- ( cut here ) ---- gc_prefix_testlib.h -- all libs -----
+#include <ansi_prefix.mac.h>
+#undef NDEBUG
+#define ALL_INTERIOR_POINTERS /* for GC_priv.h */
+---- ( cut here ) ----
+3) Test that the C++ interface '' works with ''.
+The test app is just an ordinary ANSI-C console app. Make sure settings match
+the library you're testing.
+ the GC library to test -- link order before ANSI libs
+ suitable Mac+ANSI libraries
+same as for test.c
+For convenience I used one test-project with several targets so that all
+test apps are build at once. Two for each library to test: test.c and When I was satisfied that the libraries were ok. I put the
+libraries + gc.h + the c++ interface-file in a folder that I then put into
+the MSL hierarchy so that I don't have to alter access-paths in projects
+that use the GC.
+After that, just add the proper GC library to your project and the GC is in
+action! malloc will call GC_malloc and free GC_free, new/delete too. You
+don't have to call free or delete. You may have to be a bit cautious about
+delete if you're freeing other resources than RAM. See gc_cpp.h. You can
+also keep coding as always with delete/free. That works too. If you want,
+"include <gc.h> and tweak it's use a bit.
+Symantec SPM
+It has been a while since I tried the GC in SPM, but I think that the above
+instructions should be sufficient to guide you through in SPM too. SPM
+needs to know where the global data is. Use the files 'datastart.c' and
+'dataend.c'. Put 'datastart.c' at the top of your project and 'dataend.c'
+at the bottom of your project so that all data is surrounded. This is not
+needed in Codewarrior because it provides intrinsic variables
+__datastart__, __data_end__ that wraps all globals.
+Source Changes (GC 4.12a2)
+Very few. Just one tiny in the GC, not strictly needed.
+- MacOS.c line 131 in routine GC_MacFreeTemporaryMemory()
+ change # if !defined(SHARED_LIBRARY_BUILD)
+ to # if !defined(SILENT) && !defined(SHARED_LIBRARY_BUILD)
+ To turn off a message when the application quits (actually, I faked
+ this change by #defining SHARED_LIBRARY_BUILD in a statically linked
+ library for more than a year without ill effects but perhaps this is
+ better).
+ made the first lines of main() look like this:
+ ------------
+ int main( int argc, char* argv[] ) {
+ #endif
+ #if macintosh // MacOS
+ char* argv_[] = {"test_cpp","10"}; // doesn't
+ argv=argv_; // have a
+ argc = sizeof(argv_)/sizeof(argv_[0]); // commandline
+ #endif //
+ int i, iters, n;
+ # ifndef __GNUC__
+ alloc dummy_to_fool_the_compiler_into_doing_things_it_currently_cant_handle;
+ ------------
+- config.h [now gcconfig.h]
+ __MWERKS__ does not have to mean MACOS. You can use Codewarrior to
+ build a Win32 or BeOS library and soon a Rhapsody library. You may
+ have to change that #if...
+ It worked for me, hope it works for you.
+ Lars Farm
+ 18 July 1997
+Patrick Beard's instructions (may be dated):
+v4.3 of the collector now runs under Symantec C++/THINK C v7.0.4, and
+Metrowerks C/C++ v4.5 both 68K and PowerPC. Project files are provided
+to build and test the collector under both development systems.
+To configure the collector, under both development systems, a prefix file
+is used to set preprocessor directives. This file is called "MacOS_config.h".
+Also to test the collector, "MacOS_Test_config.h" is provided.
+To test the collector (always a good idea), build one of the gctest projects,
+gctest.<b9> (Symantec C++/THINK C), mw/gctest.68K.<b9>, or mw/gctest.PPC.<b9>. The
+test will ask you how many times to run; 1 should be sufficient.
+For your convenience project files for the major Macintosh development
+systems are provided.
+For Symantec C++/THINK C, you must build the two projects gclib-1.<b9> and
+gclib-2.<b9>. It has to be split up because the collector has more than 32k
+of static data and no library can have more than this in the Symantec
+environment. (Future versions will probably fix this.)
+For Metrowerks C/C++ 4.5 you build gc.68K.<b9>/gc.PPC.<b9> and the result will
+be a library called gc.68K.lib/gc.PPC.lib.
+Under Symantec C++/THINK C, you can just add the gclib-1.<b9> and gclib-2.<b9>
+projects to your own project. Under Metrowerks, you add gc.68K.lib or
+gc.PPC.lib and two additional files. You add the files called datastart.c
+and dataend.c to your project, bracketing all files that use the collector.
+See mw/gctest.<b9> for an example.
+Include the projects/libraries you built above into your own project,
+#include "gc.h", and call GC_malloc. You don't have to call GC_free.
+Patrick C. Beard
+January 4, 1995